The historic core of Peebles - the Old Town lies to the west of the junction of the River Tweed and Eddleston Water.

By the reign of King David I (1124-53) Peebles was already a Royal Burgh. King William I (1165-1214) The Lion", confirmed that the two chief courts of justice were to be held annually either in Edinburgh or Peebles.
During the Wars of independence, King Edward I of England visited Peebles in 1301 and 1306. Edward appointed his man - William de Dureme - sheriff in place of Sir Simon Fraser of Neidpath, who had joined with William Wallace in his attempt to free Scotland.
In the 15th and 16th centuries many visits were made to the town by the monarchy, King James III in particular was a frequent visitor. Peebles was relatively untouched by the conflicts - both internal and external - that characterised life in the Borders at that time. There were however three major events in the 16th century. In late 1549. Peebles was almost completely razed by the English: in April 1585 the population of the Borders was directed by King James VI to meet at Peebles in May in an attempt to halt the “crimes committed on the borders” i.e- the reiving or cross border raids and, from 1650-51, Cromwell‘s Army occupied the town.
The 18th century was not a good time for Peebles as poverty and hunger were common in the Burgh. ln 1741, 1774 and again in 1783 the council found it necessary to purchase food for the inhabitants. The Industrial Revolution did not immediately affect Peebles and recovery from these dark years was slow.
The 19th century was a time of progress from a poor start when the town was described in 1801 as being "stagnant and almost lifeless", due in no small way to the privations of the previous century. The arrival of the Railway in 1855 brought an increase in trade and the growth of industry brought a deal of prosperity and expansion. In the 20th century, the increased ownership of the motor car after the Second World War, led to an improved road network and the line closed in 1962.
Today, Peebles is the third largest town in the Borders and occupies both banks of the River Tweed. The road network enables people to travel easily to Edinburgh or elsewhere in the Borders. Through all the changes of recent years. Peebles still retains its historic layout and there is much to interest the visitor.

Please allow at least 19 minutes to complete it, excluding the time taken to enjoy the destinations along the way.

For more walks around Peebles, download the booklet at

1mi / 1.5km
Total climb:
66ft / 20m
Total descent:
66ft / 20m
Our best efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of data, however the data and geographic information contained along route lines and on maps should be used for informational purposes only.

What you'll see

Chambers Institution - Peebles

Museums & Exhibitions

This building is locally called the Queensberry Lodgings after the Queensberry branch of the Douglas family. William, second Earl of March, purchased the building in…

Tontine Hotel - Peebles


This hotel is the only building on High Street which is set back a substantial distance from the main building line. By doing this, a…

Parliament Square - Peebles

Buildings, Historic Buildings, Monuments & Statues

This humble cobbled square is according to local legend - the site of an emergency parliament following the capture of King David II.

Bank House - Peebles

Buildings, Historic Buildings, Monuments & Statues

A rather unassuming building on the corner. John Buchan, paid many visits and his sister (who wrote under the name O. Douglas) lived and wrote…

Parish Church - Peebles

Religious Buildings

The Parish Church is built on Castlehill, site of Peebles Castle

Tweed Bridge - Peebles

History & Heritage

Like the Cuddy Bridge, there has been a stone bridge over the River Tweed at this point since the 15th century

Peebles Swimming Pool - Peebles

Indoor Activities

On the lower ground near the river is Peebles Swimming Pool, designed in 1983 by the Edinburgh architects Morris & Steedman. The pool occupies the…

Cross Kirk - Peebles

Ancient, Early Christian, Religious Buildings, Ruins

The ruins of this Church, together with some fragments of some domestic buildings, lie to the north of the town centre and town centre would…

Tree Bridge - Peebles


Even though the bridge you see before today is modern (it dates from 1994) the old name is still used

Mercat Cross - Peebles

Historic Buildings, Monuments & Statues, Monuments & Statues

Situated in Eastgate (formerly Cross Gate), the Mercat Cross of Peebles confirms the town's former trading status

24-28 High Street - Peebles

History & Heritage

This building was built for the Turnbull family in 1724 and the family owned the building and carried out their trade as bakers for seven…

St Michael's Wynd - Peebles

History & Heritage

Along the High Street between 48 and 50, which date date from the late 19th century, St Michael's Wynd make its way towards the Cuddy…