The town of Penicuik, is the largest of the Midlothian towns with around 16,000 residents.The town was developed 1770 by Sir James Clerk of Penicuik to become a “planned village| and it then became a burgh in 1867. It is a great location as it is close enough to commute to Edinburgh.
Penicuik is pronounced 'Pennycook' and is derived from Pen Y Cog, meaning "Hill of the Cuckoo" in the Old Brythonic language.
A great visitor attraction is the historic Penicuik House which has ties with Robert the Bruce.
Near Penicuik is Glencorse Parish Kirk, which is said to be part of the inspiration for Robert Louis Stevenson's Kidnapped (1886). Some of the streets nearby are named after characters in the novel.